LCDR Ret., flew PV-1 bombers in the Pacific War, seaplanes in Korea, helicopters in Vietnam, and airships for the Navy in a career spanning 21 years.
Joined the Navy at 17 years old. Started with amphibians then was assigned to a mine sweeper. Did not see action and feels he was lucky about that. As the war ended was assigned alongside the occupation forces cleaning up the mine fields in Japan. From College Hill/Cincinnati.
A U. S. Navy pilot of PB4, PBM and PV in the Atlantic, Caribbean and Pacific from 1942 to 1945.
A B-17 pilot with the 457th Bomb Group in the European Theater. Went on to serve in the U.S. Air Force for 40 years, 21 as a pilot and 19 as a civilian with Air Force Intelligence.
Master Sergeant, B-24 Crew Chief, 13th Air Force, 4th Photographic Reconnaissance and Mapping Group.
USS Hancock (CV-19) part of the 3rd and 5th fleets, off the coast of Japan. Entered Tokyo Bay just after the Peace treaty was signed. Entered the Navy on his 17th birthday, discharged March 1946 still a teenager. Trained in aircraft maintenance and anti-aircraft gunnery. Flew in training flights in SBD Dauntless and TBM Avenger dive bombers.
A U.S. Navy pilot flying from the USS Hornet Don flew Hellcats and Corsairs. He was shot down off the coast of Guam and rescued by the submarine Swordfish by clinging to the periscope while being towed to safety.
B-25 pilot in the European Theater with 68 missions along the German supply lines in the Brenner Pass between the border of Austria and Italy. 447th Squadron of the 321st Bomb Group. Primary flight training was in PT-17 Stearman, basic training was in the Vultee BT-13 and Advanced flight training was in the Curtiss AT-9. Shipped overseas July 1944 as a B-25 pilot flying co-pilot on combat missions with less than 5 hours in the airplane. Awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, the Air Medal with six Oak Leaf clussters, the Presidential Unit Citation with Oak Leaf Cluster and many more. Also was recalled to active duty during the Korean War and was assigned to Wright Patterson Air Base in Dayton, Ohio in the Air Technical Intelligence Center studying Soviet aircraft. Became Corporate Vice President, Central Regional Office for Northrop Aircraft in Dayton.
Bio coming soon.
Frank W. Buschmeier
B-17 waist gunner in the 350th Squadron of the 100th Bomb Group (“The Bloody Hundredth”) of the 8th Air Force. Based at Thorpe Abbotss, England. 34 missions until he was taken prisoner by the Germans after getting hit and bailing out of the heavily damaged B-17 “Randi Lou”. Spent 9 months as a German POW, liberated in May 1945.
A B-25 pilot with the island-hopping 41st Bomb Group (M) of the 7th Air Force in the South Pacific. His missions took him through the Gilbert, Marshall and Marianas Islands. While on Okinawa he was among the first “land based” B-25’s to attack the Japanese mainland on Kyushu. He also witnessed the second atomic bomb over Nagasaki while returning from a bombing mission.
A B-25 pilot with the 7th Air Force, 41st Group, 48th Squadron.
Top turret gunner, 10th AAF, 12th Bomb Group, 82nd Squadron. Stationed in India from November 1944 through September 1945. Flew 55 combat missions in a B-25 Bomber. Participated in the “fly-over” at the Victory Parade in Rangoon, Burma on June 15, 1945. Assigned to C-47 for “hump” flights in helping to move the 12th Bomb Group to China. Awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and Air Medal with two oak leaf clusters.
C. Don Fairbanks
A tail gunner in a Consolidated B-24 Liberator with the “Carpetbaggers” in the 8th Air Force. All night missions dispatching supplies to the French and Belgium underground resistance, flew 30 missions. Author of the book Once Around the Patch, of Life. Don has over 33,000 flight hours in 335 makes and models of aircraft and is currently operating his helicopter flight training business since 1957.Tri-State Warbird Museum Contribution to Freedom Award recipient.
Joe Fitzwater was born June 11, 1924 in Terrace Park, Ohio. He entered military service March 1, 1943 into the world of photography at Lowry Field, Denver. Then went to Aerial Gunnery School in Brownsville, Texas training to become a top turret gunner on B-24s then advancing to Aerial Photo School at Will Rogers Field in Oklahoma. Joe was an aerial motion picture photographer with the 2nd Photo Recon Group in the Phillipine Islands in 1945 then at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida 1947-1950. Joe flew in many types of aircraft including the B-29, helicopters and jets logging over 3,000 hours. He was discharged at Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho on March 15, 1953.
WWII B-26 Martin Marauder medium bomber co-pilot with 23 missions over Germany. Served with the 375th Bomb Squadron, 391st Bomb Group. Entered service in 1943 and served until 1946.
Theodore “Ted” “Taffy Three” Gardner
Enlisted as a gunnery officer then received a field commission becoming an Ensign on board ship in the Pacific Theater. Transferred to flight training. Ted is the Contribution to Freedom Award recipient for 2009.
U.S. Navy pilot flying from the USS Hornet ship with Torpedo Squadron Two. After the war he remained in the Naval Reserve as a pilot until 1972, retiring with the rank of Captain.
Charles L. Gribi
Based in England as the bombadier on the B-24 “Briney Martin”. 31 missions from April through October 1944. On his 4th mission on May 27, 2944 Charlie survived a mid-air collisions with another B-24 in formation. The Briney Martin had extensive damage to the right wing but was able to land at the home base while the other B-24 and crew was lost. Crew 71, 755th Squadron, 458th Bombardment Group, 2nd Air Division. October 1944 went to Midland, Texas as an instructor at Bombadier School until the war’s end.
B-25 Navigator, one of the famous “Doolittle Raiders”, flew with Lt. Col Jimmy Doolittle in the first mission against Japan in April 1942. Flew with Gen. Doolittle in the 12th Air Force in Africa from November 1942 until shot down and captured by the Germans on July 4, 1943. Tri-State Warbird Museum Contribution to Freedom Award recipient.
Alvin L. Hammond
Enlisting in the Army in April 1942 Al Hammond was assigned to the 439th Signal Heavy Construction Battalion. October 1942 he sailed from England to North Africa. He worked as a lineman setting up vital communications for the 64th Air Force Fighter Wing. He was involved in combat in North Africa, Sicily Italy, Corsica, Southern France and Germany. On V-E Day May 8, 1945 Al was in Stuttgart, Germany. He was a member of the 64th Fighter Wing Battalion Championship Softball Team. He returned to the US October 1945.
B-17 Bomber Pilot with many missions over enemy territory, served in Italy and on one occasion returned to base with a badly damaged aircraft with members of his crew killed. He credits the Tuskegee Airmen with saving his life. A recipient of the Harvard Foundation Award for his efforts to educate the public on his experiences in the war, his appreciation for the role the Tuskegee Airmen played in the war and the unfairness of racism. Tri-State Warbird Museum Contribution to Freedom Award recipient.
A navigator with the 11th Bomb Squadron of the 7th Bomb Group which became a squadron of the 341st Bomb Group serving in India and China. In July 1943 instructed with the Chinese-American Composite Wing at Malit, India.
Served in Japan with the Medical Detachment of the 4th Engineering Construction Group. Completed Surgical Technicians School in Denver, Colorado and Battle Creek, Michigan. Served as a Surgical Technician until September 1947. Norb is also one of the Tri-State Warbird Museum beloved volunteers! Thank you Norb!
Joined the Navy’s V-5 Program after leaving the U.S. Army Reserve at age 19. After two years of intensive flight training became a Naval Aviator designated as an F4U Fighter Bomber Pilot. His last training event was carrier qualification completed on August 12, 1945, three days before “V-J Day”. Dick has 158 hours in the Corsair.
Major in the US Air Force, retired. Called for active duty for the Korean War in 1950 after serving in the West Virginia Air National Guard. Returning to active duty in 1962 for the Cuban missile crisis and continued active duty until retiring in 1979. Flown: C-123, C-130(over 5,000 hours in the C-130), PA-18, T-6, T-28, T-33, F-84, P-51, C-119. Flew in the US, Phillippines, Japan, England, Viet Nam, Europe, the Middle East, the Far East, and Africa.
P-51 pilot with the 353rd Fighter Group.
P-51 pilot and member of the Tuskegee Airmen. John served in the European Theater and had over 100 missions. He escorted his second grade Cincinnati classmate Herb Heilbrun’s B-17 Bomber in combat. Awarded the Tri-State Warbird Museum Contribution to Freedom Award.
Frank Lohr was a Sergeant in the US Army Air Corps. He was drafted in 1942 while a machinist with the Cincinnati Milling Machine Company (Milacron). A train ride from Batavia, Ohio to Ft Thomas, Kentucky began his military career, then Basic Training in Atlantic City, New Jersey. He attended the Academy of Aeronautics (now Vaughn College of Aeronautics and Technology) in New Jersey, then trained at LaGuardia Airport and Roosevelt Field. Moving to Wright Field in Dayton, Ohio he was a crew chief on a B-25. “Every day on the B-25 was different”. Lohr tested the B-25 in preparation for the Doolittle Raid and was a Flight Engineer on one of the early B-29’s. He also flew on B-32’s and C-97’s and was involved in testing the gas consumption capacity of the B-29 between Guam and Japan. He received a Bronze Star for his involvement in the air offensive over Japan. Frank was discharged in 1945 returning home to his wife Helen Gant Lohr. They have been married 71 years and have 4 daughters, 6 grandchildren and 6 great grandchildren. Frank retired from Milicron after a 47 year career. He remains active by volunteering, maintaining his home and deer hunting.
Enlisted July 27, 1944 into the Navy. Basic training at Sampson, New York. Radio School at Bainbridge, Maryland then on to Newport, Rhode Island. Stationed on the USS Pocano, a command post communications flagship. Discharged out of the Navy June 14, 1946. Retired from the Cincinnati Fire Department after serving 28 years.
J. Arnold McCann
Personal body guard and chauffeur to General Stace in Guam, Served Army Air Corps 1943-1946, 25th Air Depot Group, 20th Air Force.
Milford Austin Merrill
U.S. Navy Commander Austin Merrill earned the Navy Cross flying the Douglas Dauntless SBD dive bomber in the Battle of Midway in June 1942 – (he was then Ensign Merrill). Merrill was involved in 9 naval battles including Wake Island and Marcus Island. He was assigned to the aircraft carrier USS Saratoga. He also landed on the USS Hornet immediately after Jimmy Doolittle took off from the flight deck in a B-25 as the infamous Doolittle Raiders flight.
Bio coming soon.
Edward W. Mohr
Coxan 3rd class served on the U.S.S. Myrmidon – ARL16 in the Pacific are 1944-1946
P-51 pilot flying with the 363rd Group in the European Theater
Charles G. Nau
Flight Officer Army Air Corps November 1942 – December 1945. Radar Observer B-29. 485th Replacement Bomb Group, Smokey Hill Air Force Base, Celina, Kansas.
C-47 pilot until 1945 flying evacuation routes ferrying wounded out of Europe to Rome, Georgia, Denver, Colorado and Buffalo, New York. Was part of the 8th and 5th Air Force. In 1942 resigned a Field Artillery Commission while a Dentistry student at Ohio State University in order to join the Army Air Force. Flight training was at the new (then) Kearns Army Air Base, Salt Lake City. Richard recently attended the second Honor Flight from Ohio to Washington, DC and is currently a resident of the Ohio Veterans Home in Georgetown, Ohio.
Lincoln W. Pavey
Sergeant in the US Army 1944-1946. 104th AAA (AW) Batallion in the Asia-Pacific Theater as Master-Gunner. Positioned 16 40mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns guarding around airbases, etc. Fought in NewGuinea, helped Douglas MacArthur return to the Phillipines and liberate Manilla, occupied Japan after Harry Truman ended the was by dropping the bombs.
Naval Aviator 1942 – 1946 with the Naval Aviation Navigation Squadron. Primary mission was pilot training – transitioned new pilots to multi engine andTransport category aircraft and advanced instrument flying. Stationed in Texas, Florida and Oklahoma. LCDR US Naval Reserves.
Photo-Gunner on B-25’s flying with the 341st Bomb Group out of India and later out of China. Recipient of the Tri-State Warbird Museum Contribution to Freedom Award.
Served in the submarine service on the Razorback from 1943 – 1946 in the South Pacific.
B-17 tail gunner on the “Reluctant Dragon” with the 100th Bomb Group (the “Bloody Hundredth”)in the European Theater, 33 missions.
Howard Ricke (pronounced “ricky”) was the wartime pilot of the TSWM TBM Avenger #53420 as a member of the VT-36. He flew the Avenger on anti-submarine patrol as he and his squadron traveled to the Pacific Theater aboard the USS Siboney – before their arrival the Japanese had surrendered. In the immediate aftermath of the war he participated in the search for Rear Admiral Sample, commander of the USS Hornet who was lost after his reconnaissance plane went down. After the war Howard spent the rest of his life raising his family in Batesville, IN, about an hour drive from Cincinnati. His family discovered the wonderful Avenger connection to the Tri-State Warbird Museum while researching his history in late 2013. Howard passed away in 1973.
James Burt Rishel
After attending the University of Nebraska and becoming a Second Lt. in the Army Field Artillery, Burt transferred to the Army Air Corps to become an engineer working in the Glider Branch of Aircraft Laboratory at Wright Field, Ohio in June 1942. He worked for Lew Stowe, the civilian chief of the branch and the principal designer for the CG-10A glider. The design of this glider eventually developed into the first Assault Cargo aircraft. In 1945 Burt was given the temporary rank of Captain and in 1946 he left the Air Corps and returned to Lincoln, Nebraska to finish his education becoming a Professional Engineer.
D. James Robinson
Originally from Amelia, Ohio, was a student at Ohio State when enlisted into the Army becoming a member of the 3rd Platoon, A Company. Late 1944 moving from France into Belgium Jim’s platoon was overrun by the Germans and was lucky to escape. Saw fighting in the Battle of the Bulge, transitioned to the M-18 tank destroyer as a gunner. As a part of the 83rd Infantry division he fought his way across Germany to cross the Elbe River. Also served 4 years in the reserves during the Korean War.
Served as an armored artillery officer in Europe in support of General Patton’s push to Germany.
Harry O. Rohde
B-24 pilot with the 15th Air Force – 451st Bomb Group
John A. Ruthven
Drafted into the US Navy at age 18 in 1942. Anti-sub missions for 2 years aboard the Destroyer Escort U.S.S. J.R.Y. Blakely, DE-140 in the North Atlantic theater. On the way to the Pacific to prepare for an invasion of Japan the atomic bomb was dropped and they spent V-J Day in Honolulu. After the war ended an additional year was spent removing Japanese troops from bypassed islands. Picture is of John – top left- and mates sitting on a wrecked Japanese Zero.
B-17 pilot with the 548th Squadron, 385th Bomb Group based in Great Ashfield, England flying the European Theater. Training included primary in Hobbs, New Mexico and advanced training in Douglas, Arizona and then B-17 transition training at McGill Field, Tampa Florida. Headed to England aboard the QE2, John flew one mission in England before the war ended.
Infantry Rifleman, U.S. Army in the Italian Theater 1945 – 1946.
Bio coming soon.
Served in the Atlantic and the Caribbean as the Senior Fire Control assigned to the Destroyer USS Dianchenko APD123. Following the war years became an engineer with Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company.
Flew the B-26 Martin Maurader for 63 missions in the Army Air Corps.
S. Arthur Spiegel
Marine Corps Officer, served as a Forward Observer for numerous island assaults in the Pacific. Later served as an airborne observer in Stinson L-5 and TBM Avenger.
Ferry pilot in the Women’s Airforce Service Pilots (WASP) flying PT-19, AT-6, DC-3/C-47, B-24, B-25, B-17.
John Steele, Sr.
Naval Aviator serving in the Pacific. Pilot of the torpedo bomber TBM3 Avenger (same type airplane flown by President Bush ’41). John had 270 carrier landings including 40 at night, and flew in 25 combat missions.
At age 17 enlisted in the Marine Corps, served with the First Marine Division, 3rd Armored Amphibian Tank Bn, in the landings on Peleliu and Okinawa. Also too part in the occupation of Japan. Was discharged at Great Lakes in 1946 as a corporal.
Daniel L. Wiot
Army Air Corps 1943-1945. From Mt. Lookout, Cincinnati, Ohio. Flew 49 missions as an engineer gunner/bomber on a B-26 . Earned the Distinguished Flying Cross when he risked his life to get the stuck bomb bay doors to fully open before the bombs detonated still in the airplane. In the theaters: European, African, Middle Eastern. Was in the Battles: Ardennes, Rhineland, Central Europe, battle of the Bulge. Also earned the Air Medal with 8 bronze stars.
Russell B. Witte, Jr.
B-25 Mitchell Bomber pilot with over 50 missions flying from North Africa over Sicily and Italy. He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and 9 Air Medals. Later served as a test pilot at Eglin Field in Florida where he flew the camera planes during the filming of “Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo.”
Chris Wunnenberg, Jr.
B-17 Bomber pilot assigned to the 96th Bomber Group flying from Snetterton Heath, England. The Wunnenberg crew completed 25 missions in 93 days on April 1, 1944, then an unofficial 8th Air Force record. That was also the day that the tour completion number was revised to 30 missions. The crew negotiated to fly 2 more. After 27 missions, Major Wunnenberg returned to the U.S. for B-17 instructor duties and later instructed in the B-29. He was ultimately transferred to a B-29 squadron which was alerted for duty in the Far East, but the war ended shortly before they were to deploy. Chris earned the Distinguished Flying Cross and multiple Air Medals.
Gordon W. Yuellig
B-25 student officer instructor pilot at Enid Army Air Field until October 1945. Born in Cincinnati, Married Shirley Lance 1942, happily married for 62 years until she passed away February 2004. Currently boasts 8 grandchildren and 10 great grandchildren. Still fits into his uniform.